June 19, 2013

Black professors respond to speech

Dear Readers: This month’s column is based on an open letter sent to President Barack Obama by six African-American professors (including myself) immediately following Obama’s commencement address at my alma mater, Morehouse College.

As scholars of the black experience and beyond, we feel privileged to have witnessed Barack Obama’s historic election and are fortunate to serve as chroniclers and analysts of his presidency. Since 2010, we have organized the annual “Barack Obama and American Democracy Conference,” alternately held at Tufts University and Arizona State University. It explores the impact of Obama’s presidency on the idea of race and democracy. Recently, we listened to parts of his Morehouse College commencement address with great sadness.

The speech made national headlines for portions that admonished young black men to “stop making excuses” for poverty, racism, mass incarceration and unemployment. It represented a missed opportunity to offer bold and creative policy measures (even by executive order) to ameliorate the plight of black Americans who remain staggeringly underrepresented in trade schools, colleges, universities and the workplace, and consequently over-represented in the criminal justice and social-welfare systems.

Regrettably, the most widely quoted parts of his speech amplified racial stereotypes about African-American men based more on enduring myths of laziness, ignorance and indolence rather than inspired the kind of community-wide change he ostensibly seeks. President Obama has been quoted as saying that, despite his status as the nation’s first African-American president, he could not simply be “president of black America.”

Fair enough. But he can’t have it both ways and speak to predominantly black audiences (especially black men) with a condescending and patronizing tone that would be considered blatant racism if uttered by a white president, while distancing himself from African-American causes and labels.

First lady Michelle Obama adopted a similarly unfortunate line of argument in her recent Bowie State University commencement address. We understand that the president and first lady operate in a racially exclusive bubble where community connectedness is perhaps unrealistic, but we abhor their racialized pin-pricking of African-American men and unwillingness to discuss the structural challenges facing so many of them.

The Obamas seem to believe that rap music and hip-hop culture are to blame for the racial achievement gap, low test scores, rising dropout rates, crumbling schools, poverty and violence that too often plague urban school districts. There is no credible evidence to support this narrative, and let us not forget that hip-hop helped Obama win the White House. Moreover, not all black youth and adults listen to hip-hop. Such diagnostics amount to thinly veiled and expedient rationale for the disconnected and elite who are unwilling to tackle the core problems.

The cumulative impact of these commencement speeches, delivered before graduating classes at two historically black colleges, is to shift the burden of black achievement in the 21st century away from institutional and structural racism to themes of individual responsibility. Self-help is only a part of the equity and equality conundrum.

The Obamas’ narrative locates the roots of black poverty, unemployment and misery in the pathological behavior of African-Americans rather than in the brutal and still continuing legacies of slavery and Jim Crow. An acknowledgment of this history made fleeting appearances in both commencement speeches before hurriedly giving way to pathological characterizations that demonize millions of black men and women as unfit to carry the burdens of citizenship.

We know that it is unpopular to discuss the past, but the ugly truth remains that we are less than two generations out of Jim Crow, and respectfully await the day when President Obama’s policy pronouncements will help empower African-Americans — the minority group that embraced and provided him with racial, ethnic and cultural solace long before his political ascendancy.

As leading intellectuals from the same generation, we are disappointed by Obama’s record on race and poverty and disheartened by the lack of black men appointed to high-profile positions. We had hoped that his election as America’s first black president would bring about unprecedented opportunities for qualified and talented African-Americans to scale historic barriers in government.

the article

By dcbain01
Donita Baines I did not know that you had a column in the Leo; My sister and I read the article keeping up with the Jones. She had an opinion and so did I. My opinion is that I agree with the article in terms of socio-economic circumstances affecting and altering the performance and outcome of an individual ability to dream let alone accomplishment their dreams. But other hand, I think President Obama was stating or playing on the fact that a great deal of so called "made it" Black men want to hear stories of perseverance and no excuses. A great deal of Blacks, especially Black men who are intellectual, prosperous, and self-made see themselves aside from the hip hop and rap community entirely. A great deal of the Black community wants urban inner city community children to hate their circumstances, so badly that they fight against them with all their might making sure they don't end up a statistic. You and I both know that it easier said than done, but President Obama likes that idealistic approach in hopes that its inspirational. President Obama was giving them their much need pet on the back, their pass from "the ghetto" ,and their good line of credit that they opened for themselves. It was a salute to men such as himself. Its understandable wanting to see President Obama address the segment of the population that needs the most help, it has been his campaign from the very beginning to help those that is apart of mainstream America and is current; the marginalized population was never on his radar. In my opinion, (Danielle) President Obama is wasting valuable time trying to paint a colorless image. Color has always been and will continue to be an issue in terms of wealth, education, and opportunity. He was elected to office for his color and achievements, equally, meaning that he is obligated to address both portions in his political and private life at all times. He did not do that in his commencement speech to Morehouse College. Instead, President Obama spoke distantly toward the situation of being black, poor, uneducated, and culturally deprived each being a separate condition as well as an interdependent condition. Because all of them are age old conditions, so many people as well the Obama are removed from the above issues. There isn't a simple solution, so America looks over them making the conditions invisible and colorless. America has been into "the simple" and will be into "the simple: for the duration of time. We will be getting the Leo Weekly, we saw the interview with Wayne B. Tuckson on your new book "Hazing in America". We think your doing a great job. Great to have had classes with you. Love how you always mention your little girl. Keep us informed. (Donita), I always knew you were going to be a father; I bet you'll have more to come. Next you will have a little king. Hope to see you in the future.